We sell Forest Land in North Europe
We sell from 1 Hectar Forest Land to 1400 Hectar Forest Land in North Europe in the EU European Union.
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Forest Land Wood Land Logs for Sale in Finland Europe
Finland is Europe's most forested country - 3/4 of its land area is under forest cover. By international comparison, Finland relies more heavily on its forests than any other country in the world.
Finland is one of the northernmost countries in the world. It is located between the 60th and 70th latitudes, and a quarter of the land lies to the north of the Arctic Circle. The total area of Finland is 338,000 km2, of which the land area is 304,000 km2.
The Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf Stream affect the climate in Finland remarkably, making it warmer than elsewhere at the same latitudes. The mean annual temperature in South-Western Finland is +5°C degreasing gradually towards north and being only -1°C at the timberline in Lapland.
In southern Finland the mean annual precipitation is 650-700 mm degreasing to 400 mm at the northern timberline. In south about one third of the precipitation is snow which covers the ground for 3 to 4 months and the ground is frozen for 2 to 5 months a year. In the northern Finland, the snow can cover the ground for as long as 7 months a year and the ground remains frozen for about 8 months a year.
Finland – Facts:
•independent since 1917
•member of the EU since 1995
•total area 338 000 km2
•population 5.45 million (17 per km2)
Finland is Europe's most heavily forested country, with over 3/4 of the land area representing 23 million hectares, under forest cover. There is an additional 3 million hectares of sparsely wooded forest areas and treeless open mires and rocky forest land. Altogether forestry land accounts for 86% of the land area.
Nearly all of Finland belongs to the boreal coniferous forest zone, which is characterised by a short growing season and a limited number of tree species. Due to the Gulf Stream, however, conditions in Finland are more favourable than in other places on the same latitude.
There are four coniferous species native to Finland, and over twenty species of deciduous trees. The most common species, which are also economically most significant, are Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), Norway spruce (Picea abies), and silver and downy birch (Betula pendula and Betula pubescens).
Despite the 13% reduction in forest area in 1944 due to the losses of land in the war, Finland's wood resources are currently more plentiful than in the pre-war years. According to the 1st national forest inventory (1921–1924), the total growing stock volume was 1 588 million m³. The latest estimate, based on the 11th inventory, is 2 332 million m³ . The annual average of total drain has been 69 million m³ during the last five years.
Total growing stock
2 332 million m³
105 million m³
Scots pine's share of the growing stock is 50% and that of Norway spruce 30%, leaving 20% for the broadleaved species, mostly birch. This distribution has been a stable one. However, Scots pine is the dominant species on 65% of the forest land area.
As in the majority of Western European countries, non-industrial forest ownership dominates in Finland. Private persons, ordinary Finnish citizens, own about 60% of all the forestry land. The Government owns 25%, forest industries 10%, and municipalities and parishes 5% of the Finnish forested area.
Private forest estates are relatively small, one estate being an average of 30 hectares. The number of private forest holdings of at least two hectares is about 347,000. Private forestry has a key role in Finland, because 80% of Finnish wood used by the forest industry comes from privately owned forests.
Metla conducts research on the effects of various means of forest policy on the silvicultural and timber harvesting behaviour of non-industrial private forest owners.
Finnish forestry is based on the management of native tree species. The management of forests seeks to respect their natural growth and mimic the natural cycle of boreal forests. The objective is to secure the production of high-quality timber, and to preserve the biological diversity of forests as well as the preconditions for the multiple use of forest.
Currently, about 120 000 hectares of forest land are planted or seeded annually favouring almost exclusively native tree species. Seed-tree or shelterwood felling aimed for natural regeneration account for 30 000 – 40 000 hectares annually.
Thinnings constitute an integral part of the management of commercial forests. They are carried out 2 to 3 times during the rotation period of stands. The economic yield can be increased by up to 50% by thinnings.
Trees are harvested using the Nordic cut-to-lenght system (CTL): the logs a debranched and cut to appropriate lengths according to their use on the site. Branches and crowns are normally left in the forest, but may, in some areas, also be used as fuel.
Industrial use of forest as sawn goods and paper began in Finland in the late 19th century. A century ago, forest industry products made up 80% of Finnish exports. Today forestry and the forest industry make up about 5% of Finland's gross domestic product, and approximately 20% of Finnish exports. High-quality printing and writing paper make up over 40% of the total export value of forest industry products, while sawn goods and wood-based panels account for some 20% of export value.
Finland is among the major supplier of forest related products to the world markets, particularly in printing and writing paper. It is also one of the biggest importers of roundwood.
The European Union is the most important customer region for Finnish forest-industries' products. Some 60% of Finnish exports go to EU countries, mainly to Germany, Great Britain, France and Spain. Other European countries account for 10% of forest industry exports, and the rest of the world 30%.
Employment in forestry and forest industries
Forestry employed 23 000 people in 2011, compared with 63 000 in 1980. The same decreasing trend applies to the basic forest industries: They employed 120 000 people in 1980, but only 52 000 in 2011. However, the paper production has more than doubled during the same period. Consequently, forestry and forest industries, even during a boom, have no direct ameliorating effect on Finland's chronic unemployment problem (9,2% in June 2014).
Outdoor recreation belongs to the Finnish way of life. Ninety-seven per cent of Finnish people participate in outdoor activities and visit nature during the course of year.
Everyman's Right of Access to and recreational use of forests is free for all in Finland. The Everyman's Right bestows on all people a free right to use land owned by others to travel on foot, skis, bicycle or horseback, as well as to pick wild non-protected flowers, berries and mushrooms. However, the Everyman's Right may not be exercised in such a way as to cause any loss to the owner of the land or harm to nature. (Informations from the Finland Forest Research Institut)
Berries and mushrooms
In Finland there are 37 species of edible wild berries of which sixteen are used by households. The total yield of wild berries ranges between 500 and 1000 million kg. Some 40 million kg of lingonberry and blueberry and 10 million kg of other varieties are collected annually. About 80% of this amount go directly for household use.
The annual yield of edible mushrooms ranges between 240 and 1,200 million kg, about 5 - 9 million kg of the yield of edible mushrooms are utilised annually.